The Goddard-IRAM Superconducting 2mm Observer (GISMO) is a bolometer camera for the IRAM 30m telescope. It has been build by Goddard Space Flight Center, in Greenbelt, Maryland under the lead of Johannes Staguhn.
GISMO consists of 8x16 pixels with super conducting transition edge sensors (TES). The TES are read out by time domain SQUID multiplexers built at the National Institute for Standards (NIST), in Boulder, Colorado. The nominal bandwidth is centred at 2 mm (150 GHz). The is shown in Figure 1. Pixels are spaced by 13.75" and the telescope HPBW is 16.7". The sensitivity is about 14 mJy sqrt(sec) . The field-of-view is 1.8'x3.7' . Two standard observing modes are offered, Lissajous curves and on-the-fly scans. Both work in total power, without switching the secondary. An automated pipeline merges the GISMO data with the telescope data streams to create FITS files which are automatically processed by the reduction software crush to create logs, pointing results, and a first quick view of the data. Typical overheads for single science targets on the sky are 60%. The relative flux stability is about 8%. GISMO has been available to observers since the winter semester 2011/12.
Sensitivity (out of atmosphere)
1.8' x 3.7'
The quoted sensitivity is the median sensitivity of the crush default reduction using the data of the pool runs of April 2012 and 2013. See the reports of Bruni et al. 2012 and Hermelo et al. 2013 below.
GISMO bandpass filter measured in the lab (transmission function extracted from 2mm_BP_angles_Jul06.xls of J.Staguhn, 31-Oct-2013)
The Point Spread Function of GISMO can be downloaded from the CRUSH web site.
Call for proposals
GISMO is offered again to the community the winter semester 2013/14:
Documentation and Publications
Report on GISMO performance based on the 5th pool run (April 2014).
Report on GISMO performance based on the 4th pool run (October/November 2013).
Report on GISMO performance based on the 3rd pool run (April 2013).
Report on GISMO performance based on the 2nd pool run (October/November 2012).
Report on GISMO performance based on the 1st pool run (April 2012).
GISMO Software Operational Manual by Steve Maher and Johannes Staguhn (Dec 2013)
GISMO NCS Software Interface and FITS File Description by Steve Maher, Attila Kovacs, Albrecht Sievers (Dec 2013)
Staguhn et al. 2013 arXiv,
The GISMO 2-millimeter Deep Field in GOODS-N
Dwek, Staguhn et al. 2011 ApJ,
Star and dust formation activities in AzTEC-3: A starburst galaxy at z = 5.3
Arendt et al. 2011 ApJ,
The Radio - 2 mm Spectral Index of the Crab Nebula Measured with GISMO
Capack et al. 2011 Nature,
A massive proto-cluster of galaxies at a redshift of z~5.3
Dicker et al. 2009 ApJ,
90GHz and 150GHz observations of the Orion M42 region. A sub-millimeter to radio analysis
Benford, Moseley, Zmuidzinas 2009 Journal of Physics
Direct detectors for the Einstein inflation probe
IRAM Newsletter 2/2009
GISMO - The Goddard-IRAM Superconducting 2 Millimeter Observer tested at the IRAM 30m observatory
Staguhn et al. 2008 Journal of Low Temperature Physics, 151, 3, 709
GISMO, a 2 mm Bolometer Camera Optimized for the Study of High Redshift Galaxies
- Overall coordinator:
Samuel Leclercq (IRAM/Grenoble, <email@example.com>)
- GISMO support team:
Johannes Staguhn (GISMO PI, <firstname.lastname@example.org>)
- Elmer Sharp
- Steve Maher
- Dale Fixen
- Attila Kovacs (crush)
- IRAM/Granada support team:
Carsten Kramer (Station Manager, <email@example.com>)
Israel Hermelo (30m Continuum Pool Manager, <firstname.lastname@example.org>)
Claudia Marka (30m Heterodyne Pool Manager, <email@example.com>)
Nicolas Billot (30m scheduler, <firstname.lastname@example.org>)
Albrecht Sievers (friend of GISMO, <email@example.com>)
Pool Preparation provides information on the observing modes offered for the continuum cameras as well as examples of the scripts that you need to prepare to observe your project.
Observing Session provides an example of a typical session with the continuum cameras at the 30m telescope.
Pointing sources and calibrators provides a list of pointing sources and calibrators for the IRAM 30m continuum cameras.
Data Reduction provides some basic examples to reduce GISMO data using CRUSH. For more detail please see the CRUSH documentation.
GISMO recycling guide provides instructions for operators and AoDs of the GISMO recycling.
7th GISMO pool (February/March 2015)
The 7th GISMO pool will take place from the 24th of February to the 3rd of March 2015. Observations will be carried from a dedicated pool account (Israel Hermelo will provide login information).
Pool projects and observers
For information about the accepted projects and the observers at the 30m please go to:
The progress of the 7th GISMO pool can be followed via:
External GISMO Nexus log with slow updates
Internal GISMO Nexus log with fast updates
Previous observing runs
6th GISMO pool (October 2014)
5th GISMO pool (April 2014)
4th GISMO pool (October/November 2013)
3rd GISMO pool (April 2013)
2nd GISMO pool (November 2012)
1st GISMO pool (April 2012)
5th alignment run (March 2012)
4th test run (April 2011)
3rd test run (April 2010)
2nd test run (October 2008)
1st test run (November 2007)
Author: Israel Hermelo (GISMO &NIKA Pool Manager)
Last update: 2014.OCT.16